You have many options for tackling this. Best practice would be to set up SA-LDAPSearch, configure it for your domain, and write a query using the ldapsearch command with an appropriate filter. Also, the Splunk Add-on for Microsoft Active Directory can help you ingest this data and map your domain. These solutions require some modest effort to set up and properly utilize.
Alternatively, if your search head is running Windows and is joined to the domain you want to search, I would suggest writing a simple one-liner scripted input in PowerShell to fetch all users, their SID, status, and any other information you may be interested in. Test the script first though, as I'm a little rusty. This has the added benefit that you're now indexing the information, so you can audit it for changes over time. Adjust the schedule to a frequency your organization is comfortable with.
Put a stanza like this in your inputs.conf:
script = Get-ADUser -Filter * -SearchBase "OU=Finance,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM" -Properties SamAccountName,Name,SID,Enabled | Select SamAccountName,Name,SID,Enabled
schedule = 0 */5 * * *
sourcetype = Domain:Users
index = msad
Perhaps write a scheduled search to maintain a lookup table for the accounts. This way you can use it more efficiently in other searches:
index="msad" sourcetype="Domain:Users" SID="*"
| dedup SID sortby -_indextime
| table SamAccountName Name SID Enabled
| outputlookup adUsers.csv
And finally, however you choose to get the necessary data, write a search using some kind of logic to pair the regular and ADM accounts together. Be sure to customize the admStatus eval with your ADM account naming convention. The goal is to normalize the SamAccountName field and find matching ADM accounts, unless you have another method of pairing them (email? a note field or custom property in AD?). There are many ways to write this search, and you may wish to do additional iterations of replace() on the SamAccountName to remove spaces or other characters that might cause a false negative.
| inputlookup adUsers.csv
| eval commonSam=replace(SamAccountName,"adm_","")
| eval admStatus=case(match(SamAccountName,"^adm_") AND Enabled=="true","Enabled")
| stats list(*) AS * by commonSam
| search admStatus="Enabled" AND Enabled="false"
This will produce a statistics table like below, showing you which disabled users still have active ADM accounts:
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