I doubt you can do this from a table (or any other viz) without using js. The docs you mention are for linking to dashboards, they do not cover linking to anchors inside a dashboard (whether the current one or a target dashboard).
I've explained the general idea here. It will involve enabling drilldown for your table in Simple XML as well as disabling the default action (open in search) and setting the browser url from js. See if you can make it work with that info and feel free to come back with any questions here.