I have a server log in splunk and whenever a user login it will store a record with the username and timestamp.
Now I want to calculate the average and standard deviation for the time interval between two consecutive login. Is there a way to do so in splunk? I have more than 5000 users. Earliest and latest do not work as I want to calculate the time interval between each consecutive logins.
your search that gets the records you are interested in, with _time and userid. | sort 0 _time userid | streamstats current=f last(_time) as prevtime by userid | eval deltatime= _time - prevtime
Now you have the difference in time between each pair of user logins. The first for each userid will be null, because prevtime will have no value. Then this will give you your average and standard deviation.
| stats avg(deltatime) as avgdelta stdev(deltatime) as stdevdelta by userid
Myself, I would probably want to eliminate weekends from consideration, so I might kill any deltatime that was more than, say, 36 hours. However, such data cleaning will depend entirely on your use case; if your users tend to log on every few days, rather than several times a day, you should leave the data as is, or decide for yourself what makes sense.
One other way of doing this is
| sort 0 userid,_time
| streamstats range(_time) as timedelta window=2 by userid
| eval timedelta =if(timedelta=0,null,timedelta)
| stats avg(timedelta) as avgtimedelta stdev(timedelta) as stdevtimedelta by userid