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How. to replace string if preceded or followed by particular characters?

firstname
Explorer

Given the below example events:

Initial event:

[stuff] apple.bean.carrot2donut.57.egg.fish(10) max:311 min 15 avg 101 low:1[stuff]

Result event 1:

[stuff] apple.bean.carrot&donut.&.egg.fish(&) max:& min & avg & low:&[stuff]

Result event 2:

[stuff] apple.bean.carrot2donut.57.egg.fish(&) max:& min & avg & low:&[stuff]

I want to get Result 2 rather than Result 1.  I want to replace any series of numbers with an ampersand only if one of three conditions are true.  These conditions:

  1. The number series is preceded by a space.
  2. The number series is preceded by a colon.
  3. The number series is preceded by an open parenthesis and followed by a closed parenthesis.

If I use the replace line below, the new variable created will contain Result 1 rather than the Result 2 I desire.

| eval event = replace(_raw, "[0-9]+", "&")

How do I get Result 2 instead?

Labels (2)
0 Karma
1 Solution

ITWhisperer
SplunkTrust
SplunkTrust

 

| rex mode=sed "s/(?<a>\s|\:)(?<b>\d+)/\1\&/g s/\(\d+\)/(\&)/g"

 

View solution in original post

ITWhisperer
SplunkTrust
SplunkTrust

 

| rex mode=sed "s/(?<a>\s|\:)(?<b>\d+)/\1\&/g s/\(\d+\)/(\&)/g"

 

firstname
Explorer

I think this is almost correct.  It doesn't seem to catch the parentheses condition.  I've tried to omit a closing parenthesis

| rex mode=sed "s/(?<a>\s|\:|\((?<b>\d+)/\1\&/g"

However, Splunk will not allow this search without the closing parenthesis.  I see how this is used to have "or" conditions, but is it possible to use such conditions to allow the stated parentheses condition?

0 Karma

ITWhisperer
SplunkTrust
SplunkTrust

Updated solution - essentially you would need to do two substitutions, but these can be done in the same rex

0 Karma

gcusello
SplunkTrust
SplunkTrust

Hi @firstname,

please try with a regex like the following:

| makeresults | eval my_field="[stuff] apple.bean.carrot2donut.57.egg.fish(10) max:311 min 15 [stuff]"
| append [ | makeresults | eval my_field="[stuff] apple.bean.carrot&donut.&.egg.fish(&) max:& min & [stuff]"]
| append [ | makeresults | eval my_field="[stuff] apple.bean.carrot2donut.57.egg.fish(&) max:& min & [stuff]"]
| rex field=my_field mode=sed "s/(\d+)/(\&)/g"

Ciao.

Giuseppe

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