Splunk Search

Extract values from XML encoded in URL

Path Finder

Hi,

I have a bunch of log files from a webserver that have the following look:

195.14.65.67 - - [20/Apr/2011:23:59:52 +0200] "GET /xml/listen_xml.jsp?codigousu=x&clausu=y&afiliacio=RS&secacc=42106&xml=%3C%3Fxml+version%3D%221.0%22+encoding%3D%22UTF-8%22%3F%3E%3Cpeticion%3E%3Ctipo%3E105%3C%2Ftipo%3E%3Cparametros%3E%3Ccodishotel%3E610442%23684572%23650777%23614213%23614210%23636068%23692186%23614211%23692507%23606403%23609104%23636372%23618638%23637005%23609145%23610500%23614212%23646694%23667369%23665818%23611550%23617439%23669231%23694714%23688454%23688453%23662191%23%3C%2Fcodishotel%3E%3Cregimen%3EOB%3C%2Fregimen%3E%3Cnumhab1%3E2%3C%2Fnumhab1%3E%3Cpaxes1%3E2-0%3C%2Fpaxes1%3E%3Cusuario%3E707064%3C%2Fusuario%3E%3Cafiliacion%3ERS%3C%2Fafiliacion%3E%3Cfechaentrada%3E09%2F12%2F2011%3C%2Ffechaentrada%3E%3Cfechasalida%3E09%2F16%2F2011%3C%2Ffechasalida%3E%3Cidioma%3E2%3C%2Fidioma%3E%3Cduplicidad%3E1%3C%2Fduplicidad%3E%3Crestricciones%3E1%3C%2Frestricciones%3E%3C%2Fparametros%3E%3C%2Fpeticion%3E
HTTP/1.1" 200 19036 "-" "Jakarta
Commons-HttpClient/3.1"

It is a regular apache log. Splunk is smart enough to gather the basic variables, like codigousu, clauusu, afiliacio, xml, etc... The problem I am facing is that I also want to extract the values inside the "xml" variable. Values in this field are URL encoded and in this case, they should look something along these lines:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<peticion>
    <tipo>105</tipo>
    <parametros>
        <codishotel>610442#684572#650777#614213#614210#636068#692186#614211#692507#606403#609104#636372#618638#637005#609145#610500#614212#646694#667369#665818#611550#617439#669231#694714#688454#688453#662191#</codishotel>
        <regimen>OB</regimen>
        <numhab1>2</numhab1>
        <paxes1>2-0</paxes1>
        <usuario>707064</usuario>
        <afiliacion>RS</afiliacion>
        <fechaentrada>09/12/2011</fechaentrada>
        <fechasalida>09/16/2011</fechasalida>
        <idioma>2</idioma>
        <duplicidad>1</duplicidad>
        <restricciones>1</restricciones>
    </parametros>
</peticion>

Several questions:

  1. Any ideas on how to get these fields?
  2. Is it possible to extract this at index time, thus speeding searches from then on?
  3. What about the fields inside "codishotel"? This is just a list of integers, can they be extracted as well?

Many thanks!

Tags (2)
1 Solution

Legend

Have a look at eval's urldecode function.

<yourbasesearch> | eval urldecodedtext=urldecode(_raw)

This will take the _raw field's contents, URL decode it and put the result in the field urldecodedtext. More info om the urldecode function here:
http://www.splunk.com/base/Documentation/latest/SearchReference/CommonEvalFunctions

As for your question 1, there is a search command called xmlkv that automates extraction of key/value pairs in XML for you. Unfortunately it can only take the _raw field as input. You could always rewrite the _raw field yourself using urldecode as above and write the result to _raw, though it is a bit ugly. Nevertheless it works.

<yourbasesearch> | eval _raw=urldecode(_raw) | xmlkv

Regarding question 2, there's no easy one-liner way to do it that I can think of.

Question 3, you could achieve this using rex and apply it to the field codishotel. You'll have to specify how many matches rex should retrieve at most.

<yourbasesearch>
| eval _raw=urldecode(_raw)
| xmlkv
| rex max_match=50 field=codishotel "(?<codishotel_value>\d+)"

View solution in original post

Path Finder

It all works great, but performance is not the best you can get... And as we are dealing with 5 million log entries per day, performance is kind of key

I was wondering if playing with external script lookups on the props.conf/transforms.conf, we could index data already extracted....

Something inline with this:

http://splunk-base.splunk.com/answers/22630/putting-calculations-in-conf-files

In fact, I am also interested in knowing if the external script execution launches a process everytime it is executed....

Thanks!

0 Karma

Legend

Have a look at eval's urldecode function.

<yourbasesearch> | eval urldecodedtext=urldecode(_raw)

This will take the _raw field's contents, URL decode it and put the result in the field urldecodedtext. More info om the urldecode function here:
http://www.splunk.com/base/Documentation/latest/SearchReference/CommonEvalFunctions

As for your question 1, there is a search command called xmlkv that automates extraction of key/value pairs in XML for you. Unfortunately it can only take the _raw field as input. You could always rewrite the _raw field yourself using urldecode as above and write the result to _raw, though it is a bit ugly. Nevertheless it works.

<yourbasesearch> | eval _raw=urldecode(_raw) | xmlkv

Regarding question 2, there's no easy one-liner way to do it that I can think of.

Question 3, you could achieve this using rex and apply it to the field codishotel. You'll have to specify how many matches rex should retrieve at most.

<yourbasesearch>
| eval _raw=urldecode(_raw)
| xmlkv
| rex max_match=50 field=codishotel "(?<codishotel_value>\d+)"

View solution in original post