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Why _time is later than _indextime ??

Explorer

This data occurs in real time, and I receive it with bundles.

Each source send about 1000~2000 data for average in a day.

I want to compare _indextime and _time(_time is same as the time at the event log's has)

I used query like this.

index=idx_A source="B.D2180323.F0015358*"
| eval indextime=_indextime
| stats values(source) by indextime _time
| eval time_gap=indextime - _time, indextime=strftime(indextime, "%y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S")

I guessed the indextime will be always later than _time, because all events will indexing after the events get over.

Most of results are came out as I gussed, but some events was wiered.

indextime              _time         Time_gap
2018-03-22 1:05 2018-03-22 23:19    -1334
2018-03-22 1:05 2018-03-22 23:25    -1340
2018-03-22 1:05 2018-03-22 23:34    -1349
2018-03-22 1:05 2018-03-22 23:56    -1371

Why some indextime is later than _time?

Tags (2)
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Motivator

try to see the latency,

 * | eval time=_time | eval itime=_indextime | eval latency=(itime  - time) | stats count, avg(latency), min(latency), max(latency) by source

Negative latencies, if observed, usually indicate a system clock difference between the source server (log-source) and the Splunk-server(indexer).

This figure will of course be inaccurate when Splunk indexes historic logs.- just to let you know

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